On November 12, 1602, the first Christian religious service of record in Alta California was conducted by Friar Antonio de la Ascensión, a member of Vizcaíno's expedition, to celebrate the feast day of San Diego.
Permanent colonization of California and of San Diego began in 1769 with the arrival of four contingents of Spaniards from New Spain and the Baja California peninsula.
state of California on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, approximately 120 miles (190 km) south of Los Angeles and immediately adjacent to the border with Mexico.
It is part of the San Diego–Tijuana conurbation, the second-largest transborder agglomeration between the U. and a bordering country after Detroit–Windsor, with a population of 4,922,723 people.
In July of the same year, Mission San Diego de Alcalá was founded by Franciscan friars under Serra.
In 1821, Mexico won its independence from Spain, and San Diego became part of the Mexican territory of Alta California.
San Diego's main economic engines are military and defense-related activities, tourism, international trade, and manufacturing.
With an estimated population of 1,419,516 as of July 1, 2017, San Diego is the eighth-largest city in the United States and second-largest in California.
Historically home to the Kumeyaay people, it was the first site visited by Europeans on what is now the West Coast of the United States.
Upon landing in San Diego Bay in 1542, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area for Spain, forming the basis for the settlement of Alta California 200 years later.
The Mission was secularized by the Mexican government in 1834, and most of the Mission lands were granted to former soldiers.
The 432 residents of the town petitioned the governor to form a pueblo, and Juan María Osuna was elected the first alcalde ("municipal magistrate"), defeating Pío Pico in the vote.